Tamarins - General Information

Cotton-Top Tamarin

Distribution: Forests of Central and South America, from Costa Rica to north west Colombia

Social groups: Small groups consist of a breeding pair, their recent offspring and one or two members from other families (2 to 13 animals).

Lifespan: 15 years.

Length:

Head + Body: 7.8-11.3 inches(200-290mm)
Tail: 12.1-16.4 inches (310-420mm)

Weight:

12.3 to 15.0 ounces
(350 to 450g)

Color: Brown with white underparts, arms and legs. Also a crest of long white hairs from forehead to nape of neck flowing over the shoulders. The rump and the end of the tail are reddish-orange.

 

Golden Lion Tamarin

Subspecies:

Caissara lion tamarin (Leontopithecus caissara)
Golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas)
Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia)
Golden-rumped or Black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus)

Distribution: They live in the Atlantic forest of Brazil in the closed canopy 3-10 feet (10-30 meters) off the ground.

Social groups: Family groups of 4 to 11 indiviuals. Only one breeding pair in a group.  Golden lion tamarins are territorial and defend their territory with scent marking and vocalized threats.

Lifespan: 15 years

Length:

Head + Body : 7.8 – 13.3 inches (200-340mm)
Tail : 12.3 – 15.6 inches (315-400mm)

Weight:

12.7-25 ounces
(360 to 710g)

Hands: Except for the big toes, a golden lion tamarin has claws not nails unlike most monkeys.

Other: They often make chirping noises to talk with each other. They have about 17 specific calls. Their songs include trilling for solo  activity, clucking during foraging, whining for contact and long, song-like calls for vigilance. Sometimes they fluff their fur and raise their manes to make themselves
look bigger to defend their territory.  Unfortunately all three subspecies are endangered but they has bred well in captivity.

!!! One of the most endangered of all primates !!!

 

Emperor Tamarin

Distribution: Canopy of lowland Amazonian tropical rainforest.

Social groups: Groups of 2 – 15 members (with an average of 3). Emperor tamarins and Saddle-back tamarin forage together.

Lifespan: 18 years

Length:

Head + Body: 9.2-10.4 inches (235-265mm)
Tail: 14-16.6 inches (347-423mm)

Weight :

10.7-14 ounces
(300 to400 g)

Hands: Except for the big toes, a golden lion tamarin has claws not nails unlike most monkeys.

Color: Mainly grey with a reddish-brown tail.  Black hands and feeds. The white moustache hangs down to its chest and is extremely long.

 

Saddle-Back Tamarin

Distribution: Found in primary and mature secondary rainforest growth.  They prefer heights between 3 – 20 m.

Social groups: Groups of 5 – 20 members. Although monogamy (one male – one female) is common among tamarins, the Saddle-back tamarin is
polyandrous (one female – several males).  Emperor tamarins and Saddle-back tamarin forage together.

Lifespan: 15 years.

 

Black-Chested Moustached Tamarin

Distribution: Primary and secondary forest.

Social groups: Groups of 2 – 8 members.

Lifespan: 15 years.

Color: Brown to black mixed with light hairs. Crown hair is black with a reddish area on the forehead.

 

Black Tamarin

Distribution: Primary and Secondary forest canopy. Amazonian Brazil, French Guiana, Guyanan and Surinam.

Social groups: Groups of 2-10 members consist of a breeding pair with their youngsters.

Lifespan: 16 years

Length:

Head + Body: 7.5-8.2 inches (190-210mm)
Tail: appr 10 inches (250mm)

Weight:

9-13 ounces
(250-365g)

Color: Black with red-gold hands and feet